Адаптация мышечных волокон различного типа скелетных мышц человека к различным нагрузкам

Staron, R.S. Human Skeletal Muscle Fiber Type Adaptability to Various Workloads / R.S. Staron, R.S. Hikida, F.C. Hagerman, G.A. Dudley, T.F. Murray //The Journal of Histochemistry and Cytochemistry, 1984.– Vol. 32.– No 2.– pp.146-152.

 

Адаптация мышечных волокон различного типа скелетных мышц человека к различным нагрузкам

Кафедра зоологических и биомедицинских наук, Ирвин Холл, Университет Огайо, Афины, штат Огайо 45701

 

РЕЗЮМЕ

 

При помощи биопсии взяты образцы из широкой латеральной мышцы бедра трех групп людей: контрольной, тяжелоатлетов, и бегунов. Группа бегунов оказалась уникальной группой по отношению к переменным измерениям (низкая масса тела и процент жира в организме, и высокий объем потребления кислорода). Кроме того, гистохимический анализ образцов биопсии показал, что у бегунов было высокое процентное содержание МВ I  и IIC типа, чем у  групп контроля и у тяжелоатлетов. Использовав криостатический метод поиска, каждое из волокон определено гистохимически, затем анализировано морфометрически с помощью электронного микроскопа. Результаты измерения процентного объема митохондрий показали сильную взаимосвязь между АТФазой и окислительной способностью типов волокон для всех трех групп таким образом, что окислительная активность будет ранжирована I> IIA> IIB. Независимо от типа волокна, существуют значительные различия между группами в отношении митохондрий мышечного волокна  (бегуны> тяжелоатлеты> контроль) и содержание липидов (бегуны > контроль > тяжелоатлеты). У тяжелоатлетов содержание митохондрий больше, чем у контрольной группы. Можно предположить, что отсутствие активности способствует низкому процентному содержанию митохондрий и высокому проценту типа МВ IIB типа.

 

КЛЮЧЕВЫЕ СЛОВА:

 

Типы мышечных волокон человека, морфометрический анализ, спортсмены.

 

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